By Jugdep S. Chima
This ebook offers a micro-historical research of the emergence and modern dynamics of contemporary ethnic sub-nationalist insurgencies in South Asia. utilizing comparative case reports, it discusses the explanations of every insurgency, analyses the trajectory and dynamics of every together with makes an attempt at answer, and highlights the broader theories of ethno-nationalist insurgency and mobilization.
Bringing jointly a world workforce of individuals, the ebook covers insurgencies in India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. It questions why ethnic sub-nationalist insurgencies happened at specific time cut-off dates and never at others, and explores the comparative trajectories of those activities. The e-book is going directly to figure reappearing styles of clash escalation/de-escalation throughout the approach to comparative process-tracing. It argues that whereas id is an important issue for insurgency, it isn't a enough one. as an alternative, ethnic mobilization and insurgency basically emerge whilst it really is activated via pressure rising from political festival among ethnic and valuable kingdom elites. those elite-led dynamics, while mixed with beneficial socio-economic and political stipulations, make the ethnic plenty primed to simply accept the usually symbolically-rich appeals from their leaders to mobilize opposed to the important kingdom.
Providing an incredible research on ethno-nationalist insurgencies in South Asia, the e-book should be of curiosity to these operating within the fields of South Asian Politics, safeguard reviews and Ethnic Conflict.
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Additional resources for Ethnic Subnationalist Insurgencies in South Asia: Identities, Interests and Challenges to State Authority
After nearly three decades of violence interspersed with periods of ceasefire and negotiation, the Sri Lankan state succeeded in militarily defeating the LTTE in 2009. The LTTE’s military defeat is explained by a combination of its unwillingness to compromise short of outright independence, internal splits within its organization, and a renewed commitment on the part of the Sri Lankan state for a “military solution” to the conflict. Nonetheless, as Uyangoda explains, while the LTTE has been defeated militarily, the issues that gave rise to the secessionist insurgency remain unresolved.
Yet, as Khan points out, the contemporary insurgency in Balochistan is different from those before. In particular, the new middle-class leadership and cadre found in ethnonationalist organizations like the Baloch Students Organization (BSO), Balochistan People’s Liberation Front (BPLF ), Balochistan Liberation Front (BLF ), and National Party (NP) supplement the traditional tribal-based insurgent groups such as the Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA). This changing dynamic, according to Khan, makes the contemporary Baloch insurgency much more widespread and institutionalized, and less prone to division by central Pakistani elites who have traditionally tried to divide the tribes into anti-government and pro-government camps.
In the early 1990s, Pakistan, having successfully orchestrated the expulsion of the Soviet forces from Afghanistan with material support from the United States, was in a strong position to provide effective support to the insurgents in Kashmir. However, at the turn of the twenty-first century, external events changed the balance of power between India and Pakistan. In the immediate aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, the United States led successful military campaigns against Islamic terrorist organisations operating from Afghanistan.