By Nicholai A. Bernstein, Mark L. Latash, Michael T. Turvey
It is a very strange booklet. It brings to the English conversing reader a masterpiece written a few 50 years in the past by way of one of many maximum minds of the 20 th century--Nicholai Aleksandrovich Bernstein--considered the founding father of many modern fields of technology similar to biomechanics, motor regulate, and body structure of task. Divided into elements, this volume's first part is a translation of the Russian ebook On Dexterity and Its improvement. It provides, in a truly reader-friendly kind, Bernstein's significant rules on the topic of the advance and keep an eye on of voluntary hobbies in most cases, and to the proposal of dexterity, specifically. even supposing only a few clinical works stay fascinating to the reader 50 years when they have been written, this volume--now on hand for the 1st time in English--is an extraordinary exception to this rule. His principles are not at all out of date. truly, we're simply commencing to take hold of the intensity and breadth of his considering, particularly his research of the complicated inspiration of dexterity. the second one part offers either a historic and a latest viewpoint on Bernstein's rules. the unique paintings was once directed at a large viewers starting from experts in biomechanics and motor habit, to coaches, neurologists, actual therapists, athletes, or even inquisitive collage and highschool scholars. The chapters contributed by way of modern scientists reflect Bernstein's variety and current new findings within the components of biomechanics, motor keep an eye on, and motor improvement in a fashion that will be either comprehensible to non-specialists in those components, and informative for pros operating in numerous components regarding human stream. All these drawn to the origins and mechanisms of the construction of voluntary activities, without reference to their academic historical past, will locate this e-book worthy. furthermore, the original heritage and composition of this article is going to make it useful and tasty to historians and philosophers of technology.
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Extra resources for Dexterity and Its Development
One can hardly say what prevails in it-physical or psychic. At least, as we are going to see, dexterity is a function of control, and, therefore, the main role in dexterity is played by the central nervous system. Dexterity stands aside from the other capacities in many aspects. It is certainly more flexible and more universal than any other capacity. Dexterity is a kind of currency for which all other currencies are readily traded. It is a trump suit that beats all other cards. Dexteritythe Winner Many myths, tales, and sagas glorify dexterity, the winner.
He was neither Goliath nor Hercules. He was an average-built man, but, at a hard time, his athletic abilities and wits Fig. 5. Page 18 saved him. In this example, his life and the whole situation were saved by dexterity. What is so special about dexterity? Why is it so attractive and valued so highly? We are not mistaken in naming the following features: First, and perhaps also most important, motor dexterity is a universal and very versatile capacity. One might say about a dexterous person that he or she does not burn in fire and does not drown in water.
Let the reader make the decision. Psychophysical Capacities The banner of physical culture bears the names of four notions that are commonly addressed as psychophysical capacities: force, speed, endurance, and dexterity. These four are quite unlike each other. Force is virtually a purely physical feature of the body. It depends directly on the volume and quality of the muscles and only indirectly on other factors. Speed is a more complex feature that combines elements of both physiology and psychology.