By Robert E. Emery
Whereas the formal definition of divorce will be concise and easy (legal termination of a marital union, dissolving bonds of matrimony among parties), the results are something yet, quite whilst kids are concerned. The american citizens for Divorce Reform estimates that "40 or probably even 50 percentage of marriages will result in divorce if present developments continue." outdoors the united states, divorce charges have markedly elevated throughout built international locations. Divorce and its results are an important social think about our tradition and others. it'd be stated complete "divorce undefined" has been built, with divorce attorneys and mediators, relatives counselors, help teams, and so on. As King Henry VIII's divorces confirmed, divorce has no longer constantly been effortless or permitted. In a few nations, divorce isn't really authorized or even in Europe, international locations corresponding to Spain, Italy, Portugal, and the Republic of eire legalized divorce in simple terms within the latter region of the twentieth century. This multi-disciplinary encyclopedia covers curricular topics relating to divorce as tested via disciplines starting from marriage and the relatives to anthropology, social and felony heritage, developmental and scientific psychology, and faith, throughout a lens of cultural sociology.
- 550 signed entries, A-to-Z, fill three volumes (1,500 pages) in print and digital codecs, providing the main specified reference paintings on hand on concerns relating to divorce, either within the U.S. and globally.
- Cross-References and additional Readings consultant readers to extra resources.
- A Chronology presents scholars with context through a old point of view of divorce.
- In the digital model, the excellent Index combines with Cross-References and thematic Reader's consultant subject matters to supply handy search-and-browse capabilities.
- For kingdom and kingdom entries, uniform access constitution mixed with an abundance of statistics allows comparability among and throughout states and nations.
- Appendices offer additional annotated resources of knowledge and statistics.
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Additional resources for Cultural Sociology of Divorce: An Encyclopedia
Virginia, strikes down all state laws prohibiting interracial marriage. 1968: The Uniform Child Custody Juridisdiction Act is promulgated. It states that one state’s custody order may not, in most circumstances, be modified by another state (to avoid children being taken across state lines in the hope of finding a judge more favorable to the parent’s cause); all 50 states will adopt it by 1980. 1969: California passes the Family Law Act of 1969 (effective January 1, 1970), which allows divorce based on irreconcilable differences, if either party to the marriage asserted this as a reason (no finding of fault was required).
Explore! Robert E. Emery Editor Chronology 1427: A tax survey among Christians in Florence, Italy, determines that Jewish women were usually married between ages 14 and 18, to men between the ages of 24 and 28. 1563: The Roman Catholic Church, at the Council of Trent, rules that clandestine marriages will not be valid, and requires that marriages be performed before a priest and witnesses. 1509: Henry VIII, king of England, is granted a Papal Dispensation by Pope Julius II to allow him to marry Catherine of Aragon (the marriage was considered incestuous under ecclesiastical law as Catherine was the widow of Henry’s brother).
1785: Pennsylvania passes a law allowing for divorce on the grounds of bigamy, adultery, and desertion (for more than four years), and allows women to apply for separation on the basis of cruelty and misconduct. 1817: The English Court of Chancery refuses to return the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley’s children to his custody, due to his advocacy of unorthodox religious beliefs and publication of antigovernment tracts. 1787: New York State creates a general divorce law allowing divorce on the grounds of adultery; previously those who wished to divorce had to petition the governor.