Amerikanuak: Basques In The New World by William A. Douglass

By William A. Douglass

A vintage learn of the Basque diaspora now on hand in paperback. whilst Amerikanuak was once first released in 1975, it was once hailed as either a pioneering research of 1 of the yank West’s most vital ethnic minorities and as an enticing, entire survey of Basque migration and payment within the Americas. Its worth as a necessary advent to the background of the Basque humans and their 5 centuries of involvement within the New global has no longer lowered within the thirty years given that, and it continues to be the main obtainable evaluate of the Basque diaspora within the Western Hemisphere. learn for the e-book took the authors via ten states of the yank West, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela as they traced the exploits of Basque whalers within the medieval Atlantic, the Basque conquistadors, missionaries, and colonists who shaped a dramatic a part of the heritage of Spanish the USA, and the Basque sheepherders who have been the spine of the now approximately vanished range-sheep empires of the yank West. in addition they stick to the tale of the Basques again to their mysterious origins in prehistory to supply historical past for knowing the Basques’ personality and their native land within the Pyrenean mountains and seacoasts among France and Spain. This new paperback version makes this quintessential research of Basques in the US to be had to a different iteration of readers. It features a clean preface by way of William A. Douglass that considers the examine of Basque emigration because the book’s first book. The Basque sequence

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By the middle of the sixth century the Basques were situated between two powerful forces, the Franks to the north and the Goths to the south, both of which considered themselves heirs to the Roman Empire and hence having political sovereignty over the Basques. That neither was successful in establishing such control is due both to Basque militancy and to the fact that the Franks and Goths continued to fight one another. Throughout this period the Basques employed their military strength in the defense of their independence and remained aloof from the larger political struggle between Franks and Goths.

Leovigildus was not able to extend his control into the mountain areas,? but he did inflict a defeat on the Basques and established a fortified city in their territory, with a military garrison that represented a direct and constant challenge to Basque independence. Meanwhile, the Frankish king Chilpericus, possibly encouraged by the Goths' successes, dispatched the duke of Bladastes against northern Vasconia. This attack, which also took place in 581, had a different outcome. 41 This defeat had repercussions in the court of the Franks.

However, there were certain exceptions. 33 In 472, and again in 481, Pamplona was occupied temporarily by the G ~ t h s . ~ ~ The Franks crossed the Loire and defeated the Goths in the year 507. It is likely that the Basques were involved, because the bishop of Lescar, a town on the northern frontier of the Basque country, raised an army to attack the Goths' rear guard at the same time that a major battle raged near Poitiers. the Gothic king. THE BASQUE PEOPLE 27 the Goths were routed and driven out of Gaul.

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